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Choosing the right heating system for your home can be daunting. Heating systems can last 10 to 20 years and even longer, making this a major purchase. Heating costs can make up 42% of your overall energy bill. This can really put a strain on your budget. So, it’s very important that you do your research and factor in what type of home you live in as well as where you live. Let’s look at the three main choices.
The most common and affordable option is the furnace. A furnace can be fueled by electricity, gas, or oil. The furnace works by converting your heat source into hot air which travels through air ducts throughout your home. However, this method also carries dust particles and allergens as well. That is why it is particularly important to always change your air filters regularly and have an annual inspection.
Boilers use water to create heat. Like the furnace the boiler can operate on electricity, gas, or oil. A boiler heats water in a tank and this water travels through a series of pipes to radiators throughout the home. Each radiator can be controlled independently, allowing you to have different temperatures in individual rooms. There are two types of boilers, “hot water boiler” or when the water is converted to steam, a “steam boiler”. A boiler uses radiant heat which is much more energy efficient. What used to be a major drawback to the boiler, was that it could only heat but not cool. Fortunately, these days, an experienced HVAC company can install a ductless Air conditioning system.
3) HEAT PUMPS
Heat Pumps use refrigeration technology as well as electricity. There are two components to a heat pump, indoors and outdoors. They are capable of heating and cooling. In heating mode, the heat pump collects warm outdoor air and pumps it inside. In cooling mode, it collects warm indoor air and pumps it outside. Because the heat pump moves heat instead of generating it, they are very energy efficient. The downside to a heat pump is that they do not work well when temperatures drop below 30 degrees. So, they are generally recommended in more moderate climates.
So, the bottom line is there are pros and cons for all the above options. No matter what your choice, you can eliminate a lot of costly repairs and save money on energy costs down the road by having your heating system inspected regularly. It’s up to you to choose what best fits your needs.